Meaning : A court order used to bring a person physically before a court in order to test the legality of the person's detention. Usually, it is directed to the official or person detaining another, commanding him to bring the person to court for the judge to determine if that person has been denied liberty without due process of law.
Example : Prisoners often seek release by filing a petition for a writ of habeas corpus.
Pronunciation : ha·be·as cor·pus
Meaning : Written document in which signatories either commit themselves to do (or not to do) something, or in which they agree on a certain set of facts.
Example : The States Parties to the present Covenant undertake to ensure the equal right of men and women to the enjoyment of all civil and political rights set forth in the present Covenant.
Pronunciation : cov·e·nant