Pro tanto and Ex gratia

“Pro tanto “ and “Ex gratia” are two latin terms. The word “pro tanato” denotes something that has only been partially fulfilled. It is a philosophical term indicating the acceptance of a theory or idea without fully accepting the explanation while the term “Ex gratia” is a more literal term derived ‘from grace’. It refers to someone voluntarily performing an act purely out of kindness, as opposed to for personal gain or from being forced to do

Word : Pro tanto

Meaning: as much as one is able; only to that extent of, so far, for so much. It typically refers to a partial payment of a claim.

Example: The damages thus allowed but not paid shall be applied pro tanto to the satisfaction of the levies made for such costs on account of which the damages were accorded.


PRO can be pronounced as Phr, ro, row

TAN can be pronounced as Th, an, tan

TO can be pronounced as  tow, ow

Word : Ex gratia

Meaning: anything done voluntarily, out of kindness or grace. In law, an ex gratia payment is a payment made without the giver recognising any liability or legal obligation.

Example: “Maharashtra Chief Minister announced ex-gratia payments of Rs 100,000 to the next of kin of those who died in the Mumbai train bomings”.


EX can be pronounced as eks, yex

GRA can be pronounced as grey, ey

TIA can be pronounced as  she, shee-uh

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